Ultimate Guide to Master HTML – How to Build One?

With hundreds of new developers starting each year, web development is an industry that is booming. However, given the abundance of learning materials available, figuring out where to start can take time.

To develop websites, you should know about HTML – the underlying technology used to determine the structure of a webpage. So, if you want to launch your web building with an HTML career, let’s know the basics of HTML web development.

How does HTML work?

HTML or HyperText Markup Language is a language designed to enable the building of websites. But how does it work? Simply said, HTML instructs the web browser how to present the page.

To start, the writer creates their HTML content in a series of codes on a computer using a simple text editor (like TextEdit or Sublime Text for Mac). The writer then uses HTML tags to insert several HTML components into their HTML composition.

An internet browser, such as Internet Explorer or Netscape Navigator, is used to view the text once it has been saved as an HTML file. To display the page as intended by the author, this browser scans the file and converts the content into a viewable form. Thus, it’s important to use tags appropriately while creating your HTML.

Basics of HTML tags 

The words used to describe how your web browser should structure and display your web page are called HTML tags.

Most tags are composed of an opening tag and a closing tag. For example, in the case of HTML, the opening tag is <html>, and the closing tag is </html>. The initial tag’s text is carried over to the closing tag, including a forward-slash (/) character. 

There are over 100 HTML tags available. The most important ones include the head, title, body, paragraph, and heading tags. Besides them, there are several other tags like the formatting tags, the link and list tags, the image tags, and the table tags. 

Here are a few examples,

However, other singleton tags like <br> and <img> don’t need a closing tag.

Key features of HTML

HTML has many features in web development, but here are the most popular ones.

  1. User Friendly – Creating HTML with annotations is deemed as tags. The outline tags offered in HTML might assist people & browsers in learning the content effectively. 
  1. Semantic Structure – One of HTML’s most eagerly anticipated features is this. For annotating certain components for their specialized usage, HTML5 introduces several tags. 
  1. SEO-friendly – Since it is well-structured and SEO-optimized, HTML allows web crawlers to assimilate data in web pages and increase SERP rankings. 
  1. Platform Independent – Since any device with a fundamental Operating System has a browser, HTML can operate on every platform and in any browser.
  1. Accessible – HTML is open-source and completely free. Furthermore, HTML is widely available since all web browsers natively support it.

Once you start HTML, it could become your greatest ally. At first, several companies, like eBay, Amazon, and others, simply used HTML. However, regarding its functionalities, HTML offers a modest investment and a big return.

Programming in HTML web development:

HTML is used by every website you view through a web browser, including social networks and music services. Therefore, a simple HTML code page generated with an HTML structure editor may be found underneath any website. 

This page provides the structure for all the page’s parts, including the header element, footer element, primary content, and other inline elements.

Here’s how an HTML program looks:

HTML in building responsive websites

To make a website seem excellent on all devices, responsive web design involves utilizing HTML and CSS to dynamically resize, conceal, downsize, or increase a website.

Developers add the following <meta> tag to your web pages to build a responsive website. Your page’s viewport will be configured as a result, and the browser will receive instructions on managing the page’s size and scale. 

The HTML “picture” element also enables you to provide several pictures for various browser window widths. Media queries are frequently used in responsive web pages, together with text and picture resizing. In addition, you can define whole separate styles using media queries for various browser widths.

For example,

HTML in Hybrid Mobile Application Development:

You need to use HTML-based frameworks to build mobile applications with HTML. To create hybrid mobile applications, web apps, and progressive web apps (PWAs), Framework7 is used. It is an open-source HTML framework. If necessary, this hybrid app architecture can be a crucial prototyping tool for presenting functional app prototypes as soon as feasible.

Developing ReactJS, HTML & CSS templates:

As you know, ReactJS is a front-end programming framework. Thus, you need to generate HTML templates on the front end. How? 

First, you need to begin creating a project using the create-react-app.

npx create-react-app myreact 

Now navigate to your react-footer drive by executing the provided code in the editor:

cd myreact

The next step includes creating an assets folder and creating a style.css file. To utilize React JS, you must first construct an HTML template. Download an HTML template if you don’t already have one.

Next, you must go to public/index.html, delete the CSS and JavaScript files, and add your JavaScript and CSS links. Finally, go to the src/App.js directory, delete the current return() code, and paste the HTML template’s body instead. 

You can also add CSS for styling and run the project using the command – npm start.

Sketch to HTML

Now we are almost at the end of the article. Here we will learn how to export sketch files to HTML. For this, you can use either of the two ways.

Export Code directly

  1. Install the Anima plugin for Sketch, Adobe XD, and Figma.
  2. If you are an Adobe XD and Figma user, select Export from the plugin panel’s bottom menu.
  3. If you are a Sketch user, visit the Export tab > Export Code.

Export code via Anima’s Web Application

Developers who need access to the design documentation should consider this option.

  1. First, sync the design to the Anima Project.
  2. Select Export Code in the upper right corner when the design has been synced to the project.
  3. Click Save after deciding where to save the Code Package.

PSD to HTML

Coming to the end, we will learn how to convert PSD to HTML Code. Here are the steps.

  1. Begin by slicing the PSD file into little, multiple layers.
  2. Create the necessary directories so that you can arrange the data management. 
  3. Now, generate the HTML page after generating the necessary directories. 
  4. Include some styles into CSS after you have an HTML shell. 
  5. Now, combine all the components to produce a collection of designs. 
  6. The next step is JavaScript interaction, using frameworks like jQuery and making the page responsive. 
  7. Lastly, you can customize each target screen to personalize the output.

However, if you want to use PSD to HTML Software Converter, you can use Groupdocs, Turgs, AnyConv, SoftFixer, etc. However, such tools don’t always guarantee the pixel-perfect conversion achieved through hand-coded interaction. 

Recap:

You can do more with HTML, such as define the styles and colors of various website components and embed photos. 

However, HTML works best when combined with CSS and JavaScript. But before you move on to the more difficult subjects of CSS and JavaScript, ensure you are entirely acquainted with HTML. Till then, happy coding.